Symptoms and Causes of Residual Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder whereby an individual shows signs of madness. The mental muddle is characterized by a complete crumbling of emotional receptiveness and thought process. This condition is acknowledged by episodes of bizarre illusions, state of paranoia, auditory hallucinations, and deterioration of thinking aptitude, dislocated speech and occupational dysfunction. The person fails to function in the workplace or society. Nearly 1% of the human population suffers from this disorder. Among the various kinds of schizophrenia, residual schizophrenia shows symptoms like overall difficulty in speaking and a general loss of interest in life and everyday activity.
Residual Schizophrenia and the Symptoms
Residual schizophrenia is that kind of mental disorder whereby an individual shows positive traits of conditions like hallucination and paranoid. But, the episodes are shorter here. When such episodes are over, or symptoms are gone, the person shows some longer signs like withdrawal from the society, poor personal hygiene and a bizarre kind of thought process. General symptoms are:
- Lack of confidence and lack of eye contact with others
- Withdrawal or complete isolation from the society
- Hearing difficulty
- No facial expression almost
- Poor communication
The above symptoms can show twice or thrice in a year. If any of your family members show the symptoms, talk to the doctor. It may happen that a family member is no more enjoying the activities that he/she used to enjoy previously. You must not mistake the symptoms of schizophrenia with that of depression. Consult a physician as soon as possible.
When can be Person Diagnosed with Residual Schizophrenia?
A person is usually diagnosed with residual schizophrenia when he has been showing prominent symptoms of schizophrenia. He may have a history of showing such symptoms, but none of the related symptoms might dominate for a significant period. The person can experience episodes of delusions where he hears the voice of someone else who is not there in front of him. Apart from hearing voices, the person can show symptoms like disorganized speech and other symptoms that show he has schizophrenia. It may be that the intensity of such symptoms has diminished. This is why the kind of disorder is known as residual schizophrenia. The symptoms may not be very prominent like the time when he had acute schizophrenia but still exists. It gives evidence that the condition still exists but in a residual form. For example, the symptoms may get prominent 1-2 times in a year and at other days the individual acts normally.
A Degree of Odd Behaviour
The one diagnosed with residual schizophrenia exhibits odd behavior but only to an extent. The action is not displayed always. The person’s speech can appear only mildly disorganized. If delusions and hallucinations are still the symptoms, the person does not have the too strong emotional connection with them. An individual does not react too severely when encountering hallucination. He takes it as a normal dream while refrains from responding. But, you cannot say that negative symptoms of this mental disorder are not there. For instance, the person can be withdrawn from the society, finds it difficult to accomplish his daily tasks or has a sort of blunted emotion. His thought process will be impaired. There will be a decline in the working of mental faculty and the brain.
When to Approach a Doctor?
If the symptoms of schizophrenia persist for more than a month, you must get in touch with a doctor to diagnose the same and prescribe a treatment plan. This should be done to avoid symptoms relating to active phases like hallucination, delusion, mental outbursts and too much-disorganized behavior.
Residual Schizophrenia is a Transitional Phase
This type of mental disorder is residual kind of schizophrenia which is a transitional phase between acute episodes and a complete remission. At times people have to bear symptoms for a very long time. The three most prominent symptoms are hallucination, delusion and disorganized speech. All the symptoms should be ruled out with the help of an experienced medical practitioner specializing in treating this disorder.
What are the Causes?
Both environmental factors and genetic factors can lead to this disease. Although the symptoms are minor, still the condition will impair your thought process. Being one of the 5 kinds of schizophrenia, it has the history of showing negative symptoms for a long time. The ones who are suffering from disorganized, catatonic schizophrenia may develop this condition. If the illness of the person moves into a period of remission where he starts to show symptoms once or twice in a year, you might call him residual schizophrenic. Till now, we do not have any probable cause of this disorder. There are some who believe that any traumatic childhood incident, an imbalance in glutamate and dopamine levels can lead to this. According to others, there might be biopsychosocial factors leading to this. As per the condition and state of the individual, a lot many factors might lead to this condition.
Some of the Prominent Negative Symptoms shown by the Individual
If an individual is diagnosed with the mental condition, he may be showing some negative symptoms. Some of the negative symptoms are:
- The flat effect is the prominent negative symptom here. The person fails to respond to a variety of situations. So, if you crack a hilarious joke, the person may appear blank and may not give you any facial response. The effect will be flat.
- There is a slackening of psychometer activity. Thus, the person suffers from lack of motivation and is unable to focus. He has difficulty thinking, and there is also a lack of physical activity.
Inactivity, lack of expression, poor communication and passivity are the foremost symptoms of residual schizophrenia. At some point in time, he will experience a psychotic episode. There will be hallucinations, delusions and even violent reaction at some point. As per the research, women suffer this condition more than men. Any structural abnormality in the brain might also lead to this mental disorder.